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Reeve's Pheasant
(Syrmaticus reevesii) Norfolk, 2006
Helmeted Guineafowl
Helmeted Guineafowl
(Numida meleagris) IOW, 2007
Helmeted Guineafowl
Helmeted Guineafowl
(Numida meleagris) IOW, 2007
Pheasant
Ring Necked Pheasant
(Phasianus colchicus) Wales, 2008
Mandarin
Mandarin
(Aix galericulata) Essex, 2007
Red Crested Pochard
Red Crested Pochard
(Netta rufina) Essex, 2007
Muscovy Duck
Muscovy Duck
(Cairina moschata) Cambs, 2006
Ruddy Duck
Ruddy Duck
(Oxyura jamaicensis) Essex, 2006
Ruddy Duck
Ruddy Duck
(Oxyura jamaicensis) Essex, 2006
Canada Goose
Canada Goose
(Branta canadensis) Essex, 2006
Greylag Goose
Greylag Goose
(Anser anser) Essex, 2006
Snow Goose
Snow Goose
(Anser caerulescens) Norfolk, 2006
Snow Goose
Snow Goose
(Anser caerulescens) Norfolk, 2006
White Fronted Goose
White Fronted Goose
(Anser albifrons) Norfolk, 2006
Black Swan
Black Swan
(Cygnus atratus) Essex, 2006

Monk Parakeet
(Myiopsitta monachus) Herts, 2008

Monk Parakeet
(Myiopsitta monachus) Herts, 2008
Ring Necked Parakeet
Ring Necked Parakeet
(Psittacula krameri) Surrey, 2007
Little Owl
Little Owl
(Athene noctua) Cambs, 2007
Eagle Owl
Eagle Owl
(Bubo bubo) Lancs, 2007
Feral Pigeon
Feral Pigeon
(Columba livia)
Lancashire, 2007
Feral Duck
Feral Duck
(Anas platyrhynchus)
Norfolk, 2008
Feral Goose
Feral Goose
(Columba livia)
Norfolk, 2008
Indian Peafowl
Indian Peafowl
(Pavo cristatus)
Herts, 2006
Indian Peafowl
Indian Peafowl
(Pavo cristatus)
Herts, 2006
Hawaiian goose
Hawaiian goose
(Branta sandvicensis)
Cambs, 2007
Hawaiian goose
Hawaiian goose
(Branta sandvicensis)
Cambs, 2007
Hawaiian goose
Hawaiian goose
(Branta sandvicensis)
Cambs, 2007
Ruddy Shelduck
Ruddy Shelduck
(Tadorna ferruginea)
Cumbria, 2006
Ruddy Shelduck
Ruddy Shelduck
(Tadorna ferruginea)
Cumbria, 2008
Ruddy Shelduck
Ruddy Shelduck
(Tadorna ferruginea)
Cumbria, 2008
Lesser White Fronted Goose
Lesser White Fronted Goose
(Anser erythropus)
Norfolk, 2007
Whooper Swan
Whooper Swan
(Cygnus cygnus)Herts
2006
Jungle Fowl
Jungle Fowl
(Gallus gallus)Wales
2007
Bar Headed Goose
Bar Headed Goose
(Anser indicus)Cambs
2008
Blue Crowned Parakeet
Blue Crowned Parakeet
(Aratinga acuticaudata)London
2007 (not my photo)


Birding Top 500 Counter

British Isles Exotic and Introduced Birds

Golden Pheasant - Chrysolophus pictus

Deliberatly introduced into several areas they still are present in small numbers but are declining, they are originally from China and are best found at dawn or dusk.

Top Sites are Wolverton Triangle, Brownsea Island, Norfolk Brecks and on Tresco.

Lady Amherst's Pheasant - Chrysolophus amherstiae

From the China these birds are kept in collections, the UK population originates from one such collection introduced into Woburn park in the late 1800's, and from here it colonised the surronding areas and reached a peak at approx 200 birds, but habitat reduction and game shooting have reduced their numbers to small levels.

A very small population still exists at some of its traditional sites near Woburn.

Reeve's Pheasant - Syrmaticus reevesii

Originally introduced as a game bird its flight did not suit the hunters so introductions were not persistant. A mixture of these birds and escapes from collections are now established in a couple of areas, but they still occasionally get released with shooting pheasants.

Currently the Brecks is the best area for these birds. But an established population exists in Argyll.

Helmeted Guineafowl - Numida meleagris

Small but established populations are now present in many areas originally from farming stock.

East Norfolk is a good site, and around Broad Chalke in Wiltshire, they are widespread in many areas but in small numbers.

Green Pheasant - Phasianus versicolor

Increasing numbers are being released for shooting in Norfolk and Berkshire in particular, There is an established large breeding population in North east Norfolk.

Red Legged Partridge - Alectoris rufa

Released for shooting from european stock, they are very common and are still released in large numbers every year.

Widespread and common in all farmland in most except the far north of the UK.

Ring Necked Pheasant - Phasianus colchicus

Released in very large numbers for shooting for several hundred years it is now Widespread and common in all farmland and woodland throught the UK. There are two common forms, one with a white ring around the neck and one without.

Mandarin Duck - Aix galericulata

Originally from the far east, this population had grown to well over 3000 birds and is now a significant part of the world population.

Top sites are Connaught Water, Cannop Ponds and Stockgrove Country Park but they are present at many sites in the south and midlands and they are expanding, and can be seen in Manchester and other Northern areas.

Red Crested Pochard - Netta rufina

There is now an established population derived from collection escapes the numbers are small but increasing.

Birds are regularly seen at Stockers Lake, Baston & Langtoft Gravel Pits and Cotswold water park and large reservoirs in the south east regularly attract them.

Muscovy Duck - Cairina moschata

Escaped from farm stock, they are spreading along the waterways from Ely.

Ely is the stronghold and they can easily be found anywhere along the river. Another sizeable population exists in Buckfastleigh, Devon. But small populations exist in several other areas.

Ruddy Duck - Oxyura jamaicensis

Originally escaped from collections, they are now widespread, although reduced in number due to the DEFRA's eradication policy. There are some safe havens from the guns and a few still survive.

Good sites are reservoirs in the south.

Canada Goose - Branta canadensis

Introduced into the UK in the 1600's and were common in collections and have spread from there. They are now present throught the UK.

They are present in all waterways in large numbers.

Greylag Goose - Anser anser

Present in large numbers throught most of the UK (a natural population occurs in Scotland) derived from the Scottish stock.

Most water bodies have a population.

Egyptian Goose - Alopochen aegyptiaca

Introduced into parks in Norfolk from where they have escaped and they are now widespread in East Anglia and they are spreading west.

They are easily found in the Cley and Holkham areas of Norfolk and most of East Anglia.

Snow Goose - Chen caerulescens

A large flock of upto 100 birds range widely throught England, wintering on many of the large reservoirs particularly Farmoor in Oxfordshire. Scattered individuals can be found almost anywhere.

A small population exists on the islands of Mull and Coll derived from a collection in the area, these have been present from their escape in the 1960's and number 60-70 birds.

Farmoor in Winter is the best site but they wander widely round the country.

Barnacle Goose - Branta leucopsis

These are well established in Suffolk, Herts/Bucks and Cumbria all derived from escaped birds and these birds usually have individials from other species which have escaped. Another population on the humber estuary area , they developed from a pair of injured birds given by the Humber Wildfowl Refuge warden to a local farmer who lives on the foreshore at Whitton in 1975, initially breeding in his yard, this population increased to 33 individuals birds at which stage they began to wanderpopulation was 468 in Oct 2008.

Benacre or Minsmere (Winter) are the best sites but they can be found very widely.

Bar headed Goose - Anser indicus

A small population exists in Bucks.

Black Swan - Cygnus atratus

Escaped from collections there are good numbers and they have bred sporadically as the numbers are quite dispersed but the population is growing. Devon and Cornwall have good numbers but they can be found almost anywhere.

Monk Parakeet - Myiopsitta monachus

A small population lives in Borehamwood, originally escaped from an avairy they now breed in the area and number over 40-50 birds. Another population at mudchute park number 20-30 birds and there is a third population of about 15 birds elsewhere in London.

Only present at three sites primarily at Mudchute park and in Borehamwood, they can be seen over large parts of the town.

Ring Necked Parakeet - Psittacula krameri

Escaped cage birds in the London area have benefited from mild winters, and bird tables offering plenty of food, there are now numerous in the southeast and the population is spreading.

The largest site is the Esher rugby club roost (not in Esher though) where several thousand birds roost in the winter months has now gone as the trees were removed, several smaller roost exist in the area, Wormwood Scrubs is one of the better ones.

Little Owl - Athene noctua

Birds were released in the early 1900's from a european population, they have become widespread and common in the England and Wales.

They are present in most farmland in England and Wales and are visible by day.

Eagle Owl - Bubo bubo

Approx. 20 pairs are now breeding in the UK mostly Scotland and the North of England. All are derived originally from escaped birds but wild bred birds are now in the population, which has been increasing for the last 10 years.

Sites are occasionally made public for viewing.

Feral Pigeon - Columba livia

Birds are descended from the Rock Dove, kept for food and laterly for racing/showing there is a large colour variation from the wild ancestor. There is a massive population in all urban areas with birds easy to find.

Feral Duck - Anas platyrhynchus

Common types are a white Aylesbury duck or peking ducks. Other types are mallard type birds like Rouen Clair, swedish or Rouen and other similar breeds, and loads of hybrids. All these are easily found on most bodies of water.

Feral Goose - Anser anser

Birds are descended from domesticated greylag stock and frequently interbreed, most are white, they are common and widespread, found with greylag flocks and in all urban areas with birds easy to find.

Other species

The following species have very small populations and are not yet considered fully established, but have CONFIRMED breeding.

Red Breasted Goose - Branta ruficollis

With plenty of escapes it was bound to happen, the first confirmed breeding was in Suffolk in 2010 but numbers are low.

Indian Peafowl - Pavo cristatus

Commonly kept in may collections, particularly in parks and stately homes where they are allowed to roam freely and therefore easily escape, they have nested in the wild, although in small numbers and their numbers are small.

Wood Duck - Aix sponsa

Small numbers are present and small colonies have existed but they seem to struggle in the UK and the population remains small and scattered.

Alexandrine Parakeet - Psittacula eupatria

Small numbers are present in London with occasionals elsewhere but numbers are very low.

Hawaiian goose - Branta sandvicensis

Escaped from collections they can be encountered anywhere but are scarce, but have bred.

Swan Goose - Anser cygnoides

Escaped from farms it easily forms hybrids and these can be encountered anywhere, pure birds are scarce.

Hybrids can be found at Grafham water.

Emperor Goose - Anser canagicus

A small population with occasional breeding exists in Cumbria.

Ruddy Shelduck - Tadorna ferruginea

Scattered individuals wander widely with occasional breeding.

Lesser White Fronted Goose - Anser erythropus

Small numbers of escaped birds are widespread but have bred.

Ross's Goose - Anser rossii

Small numbers of escaped birds are widespread but have bred.

Magellan Goose - Chloephaga picta

Small numbers of escaped birds are widespread but have bred.

Cinnamon Teal - Anas cyanoptera

Small numbers of escaped birds have bred particularly in the south.

Black Crowned Night Heron - Nycticorax nycticorax

The Great Witching Population is small but still present in the Wensum Valley, other populations have not disappeared.

Silver Pheasant - Lophura nycthemera

Small numbers in Norfolk and Sussex.

Iberian Azure Winged Magpie - Cyanopica cyana

Small numbers escaped from Paington zoo and persisted for several years but have now disappeared.

Whooper Swan - Cygnus cygnus

A small feral population is present in the Bucks/Beds/Herts area.

Jungle Fowl - Gallus gallus

Very commonly kept and frequently escape and can easily be found almost anywhere.

Harris`s Hawk - Parabuteo unicinctus

A pair of escaped nested and laid eggs near to the River Ribble in Lancashire in April 2008.

Red Winged Laughing Thrush - Garrulax formosus

Confirmed breeding on the Isle of Man but numbers are small and reports erratic and it is not know if they are still present.

Probable Extinct Species

Budgerigar - Melopsittacus undulatus

In 1969, 4 pairs of budgerigars were deliberately released on Tresco, in the Isles of Scilly. Six more pairs of budgerigars were deliberately released on Tresco in 1970. Food and nest boxes were provided for the birds, and within 5 years the population consisted of 100 birds, including 35 breeding pairs. However, the resident at Tresco who had provided food for the birds moved from the island in 1975 and thereafter the population crashed and by 1977 the population had completely vanished.

Northern Bobwhite - Colinus virginianus

A small population of used to breed on Tresco and one in Suffolk but both have now disappeared.

Rock Partridge - Alectoris graeca

Released for hunting in small numbers this was stopped in 1992 and there have been no sightings for several years.

Chukar - Alectoris chukar

Released for hunting in reasonable numbers this was stopped in 1992 and there have been no sightings for several years.

Rosy-faced Lovebird - Agapornis roseicollis

Breeding is confirmed in Scotland where there was a small population but they seem to have died out.

Blue-crowned Parakeet - Aratinga acuticaudata

Confirmed breeding in London where a small population seems to have died out.



Golden Pheasant
(Chrysolophus pictus) Wales, 2007
Lady Amherst's Pheasant
Lady Amherst's Pheasant
(Chrysolophus amherstiae) Beds, 2006
Lady Amherst's Pheasant
Lady Amherst's Pheasant
(Chrysolophus amherstiae) Beds, 2006
Red Legged Partridge
Red Legged Partridge
(Chrysolophus amherstiae) Cambs, 2008
Pheasant
Ring Necked Pheasant
(Phasianus colchicus) Wales, 2008
Pheasant
Ring Necked Pheasant
(Phasianus colchicus) Wales, 2008
Mandarin
Mandarin
(Aix galericulata) Essex, 2007
Mandarin
Mandarin
(Aix galericulata) Essex, 2008
Red Crested Pochard
Red Crested Pochard
(Netta rufina) Essex, 2007
Egyptian Goose
Egyptian Goose
(Alopochen aegyptiaca) Norfolk, 2007
Egyptian Goose
Egyptian Goose
(Alopochen aegyptiaca) Norfolk, 2007
Snow Goose
Snow Goose
(Anser caerulescens) Norfolk, 2006
Barnacle Geese
Barnacle Geese
(Branta leucopsis) Suffolk, 2007
Bar Headed Goose
Bar Headed Goose
(Anser indicus) Essex, 2007
Bar Headed Goose
Bar Headed Goose
(Anser indicus) Essex, 2007
Black Swan
Black Swan
(Cygnus atratus) Essex, 2006
Black Swan
Black Swan
(Cygnus atratus) Essex, 2006
Monk Parakeet
Monk Parakeet
(Myiopsitta monachus) Herts, 2008
Monk Parakeet
Monk Parakeet
(Myiopsitta monachus) Herts, 2008
Ring Necked Parakeet
Ring Necked Parakeet
(Psittacula krameri) Surrey, 2007
Eagle Owl
Eagle owl
(Bubo bubo)
Lancashire, 2007
Feral Pigeon
Feral Pigeon
(Columba livia)
Lancashire, 2007
Feral Duck
Feral Duck
(Anas platyrhynchus)
Norfolk, 2008
Feral Goose
Feral Goose
(Columba livia)
Norfolk, 2008
Green Pheasant
Green Pheasant
(Phasianus versicolor )
Cambs, 2006
Indian Peafowl
Indian Peafowl
(Pavo cristatus)
Herts, 2006
Wood Duck
Wood Duck
(Aix sponsa)
Cornwall, 2006
Wood Duck
Wood Duck
(Aix sponsa)
Essex, 2006
Swan Goose-Hybrid
Swan Goose-Hybrid
(Anser cygnoides)
Cambs, 2007
Swan Goose
Swan Goose
(Anser cygnoides)
Cambs, 2007
Emperor Goose
Emperor Goose
(Anser canagicus)
Norfolk, 2007
Emperor Goose
Emperor Goose
(Anser canagicus)
Cumbria, 2008
Ross's Goose
Ross's Goose
(Anser rossii)
Norfolk, 2006
Ross's Goose
Ross's Goose
(Anser rossii)
Norfolk, 2006
Ross's Goose
Ross's Goose
(Anser rossii)
Norfolk, 2006
Black Crowned Night Heron
Black Crowned Night Heron
(Nycticorax nycticorax)UK,
2007
Silver Pheasant
Silver Pheasant
(Lophura nycthemera)
2007
Golden Pheasant
Golden Pheasant
(Chrysolophus pictus)
Norfolk, 2008
 
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